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Jakarta EE Specification Committee Operation

This document describes the practices of the Jakarta EE Specification Committee.

Changes to this document must be approved by a simple majority vote of the Jakarta EE specification committee, conducted via the public Jakarta EE Specification Committee ([email protected]) mailing list.

This is a public document.

Specification Committee

The Jakarta EE Specification Committee is responsible for implementing the Eclipse Foundation Specification Process (EFSP) for all Specification Projects (as that term is defined by the EFSP) under the purview of the Jakarta EE Working Group. This includes the adaptation of the EFSP for Jakarta which is referred to as the Jakarta EE Specification Process (JESP).

The Specification Committee is ultimately responsible for ensuring that the Final Specifications produced by the Working Group's Specification Projects make sense. The definition of “makes sense” varies by Specification Committee Participant, but is generally understood to mean that the Specification can be implemented and that those aspects of the Eclipse Intellectual Property Policy with regard to Essential Claims are observed. In practical terms, Specification Committee Participants wields power via the ballots that are required to approve key lifecycle events per the EFSP.

The Specification Committee is responsible for producing, publishing and maintaining operational guidance documentation for specification projects. This includes the minimum requirements and process for producing a Final Specification. It also includes operational guidance for running a specifications TCK for the purpose of testing for compatibility.

The Specification Chair (or their delegate) is responsible for initiating ballots, tallying their results, disseminating them to the community, and (when appropriate; e.g., in the case a release review ballot) reporting them to the EMO.

The Specification Committee is also responsible for defining and refining how they implement the EFSP/JESP for those Specification Projects under their purview.

Project Management Committee (PMC)

The primary role of the PMC is to ensure that project teams are implementing the Eclipse Development Process. In particular, the PMC monitors project activity to ensure that project teams are operating in an open and transparent manner. The PMC reviews and approves (or vetos) committer elections, first validating that candidate committers have demonstrated sufficient merit.

The PMC is further responsible for ensuring that project teams abiding by the Eclipse IP Policy and implementing the IP Due Diligence process. In practical terms, the PMC approves intellectual property contributions (CQs) and provides (limited) guidance to project teams regarding intellectual property (deferring to the Eclipse IP Team as necessary).

The PMC is responsible for the structure of the Top Level Project and the organization of the open source (software and Specification) projects contained within.

The PMC is a link in the project leadership chain. As such, the PMC has a role in the grievance handling process: they identify and document project dysfunction (with the responsibility to remove/replace/add disruptive committers).

The PMC provides other oversight regarding the operation of open source projects. They review and approve release and progress review materials, and facilitate cross-project communication within the Top-Level Project.

Project Lead(s) Designation

A specification project must designate one or more committers to serve as the project lead. The lead is responsible for initiating reviews as the project reaches the appropriate milestone.

Specification Committee Votes

Specification committee approval votes connected to progress and release reviews run for a minimum of 14 days; other votes run for a minimum of 7 days.

The requirements for each are described in Review Requirements/Guidelines.

The standard release process defined in the Eclipse Foundation Project Handbook is followed and augmented with a specification committee ballot. Additional detail for the various reviews can be found in these sections:

The EMO initiates a specification committee ballot by sending an email on the public Jakarta EE Specification Committee ([email protected]) mailing list that describes the nature of the vote (creation/progress/release) and includes pointers to the PR request containing the proposed release content (e.g. release review document, specification document, and technical artifacts).

A specification committee member votes by responding to the ballot message on the public Jakarta EE Specification Committee mailing list, using the usual +1/0/-1 voting notation.

If a specification committee member votes against a motion, they must provide a comment that explains the reason for the negative vote and suggest steps to mitigate the issue.

The specification committee chair (or their designate) tallies the results of the vote, and aggregates the comments and presents them to the community via the specification project page on jakarta.ee, a summary email to [email protected], and a copies to [email protected] and [email protected], within one week of the completion of the vote.

The specification committee may choose to extend the deadline for a vote by simple majority vote on the public specification committee mailing list ([email protected]).

In the event that a vote fails, the EMO will fail the corresponding review, forward the comments from the vote to the specification team, and invite them to resolve the issues and re-engage at a later date.

Note that the EMO schedules reviews to conclude on the first and third Wednesday of the month; this will impact the timing of the start of a specification committee vote and the timing of a project team re-engaging following a failed vote. This means that specification committee chair must start the vote at least 14 days prior to the first and third Wednesday of the next month if they wish to minimize the time for the review to complete. In the event that the specification committee opts to extend a vote, the EMO will, at its discretion, either bump the corresponding review to the next review slot or withhold approval of the review until the results of the specification committee vote are received.

Participant Representative Appointments

A Member Participant may send a note to [email protected] to designate or remove their representative (a Member Participant's representative must be covered by the Member Company's MCCA and WGPA) as the Participant Representative (and Committer) for the Member Participant on any specification project associated with the Jakarta EE Working Group.

The EMO will maintain a record of participant representatives on the specification project's PMI "Who's Involved" page in a section titled "Participant Representatives" (e.g. Eclipse Project for Servlets "Who's Involved").

New Specifications

A Jakarta Specification is developed by a Specification Project. The Eclipse Development Process is followed, with a few additions. The following steps are required in order to start a new specification project:

  1. Create a Project Proposal (*)
  2. Inform the Specification Committee with a mail on the public mailing list (*)
  3. When the specification project has been approved by the Specification Committee by vote on the mailing list and creation review completed successfully by the EMO, create a Pull Request to be listed as a Jakarta EE Specification. The PR must contain an _index.md file located in a folder named after the short name of the specification. Here is an example of Jakarta MVC. The _index.md is located in the mvc folder in the Jakarta EE Specifications GitHub repository.
---
title: "Jakarta MVC"
summary: "Jakarta MVC defines a standard for creating web applications following the action-based model-view-controller pattern."
summary60Char: "Jakarta MVC standardizes the action-based MVC pattern."
project_id: "ee4j.mvc"
---

Model-View-Controller, or MVC for short, is a common pattern in Web frameworks where it is used predominantly to build HTML applications. The model refers to the application’s data, the view to the application’s data presentation and the controller to the part of the system responsible for managing input, updating models and producing output.

Web UI frameworks can be categorized as action-based or component-based. In an action-based framework, HTTP requests are routed to controllers where they are turned into actions by application code; in a component-based framework, HTTP requests are grouped and typically handled by framework components with little or no interaction from application code. In other words, in a component-based framework, the majority of the controller logic is provided by the framework instead of the application.

(*) 1 and 2 may be done in any order. In fact, it may be a good idea to socialize the idea with the Specification Committee before proceeding with the project creation.

Developing Specifications

Specification projects in active development must engage in a progress or release review at least once per year as required by the JESP. In practical terms, this means that the clock starts ticking when the plan review that occurs at the beginning of the development cycle concludes successfully, and is reset following a successful progress review.

The entire process is halted when either the specification project engages in a successful release review (thereby concluding the development cycle), or the specification team decides to abandon the cycle.

Creating a Release Plan

Each specification project needs to engage in a Plan Review prior to any extensive development effort in support of a new Specification Version. A simple Release Plan may be defined via an Eclipse release record. A more extensive Release Plan may be easier to define via an external document. If an external document is created, it should be referenced in the Eclipse release record. That is, an Eclipse release record is required regardless of where the detail for the release is documented.

If an external Release Plan is developed, it needs to be made available via the Specification Project's web pages. As an example, the Jakarta EE 9 Release Plan is housed on the Platform Project's github pages.

The Release Plan should be reviewed with the Specification Committee before continuing with the ballot stage.

The current recommendation for structure of the specification project repository is to have one *-spec repository with an api and spec subdirectory for the API and specification content, and a second *-tck repository for the TCK content.

Distributing Specifications

Each specification project has a location on the jakarta.ee website under Specifications.

For each final specification:

  • Links to specification documentation and all related artifacts including the TCK and compatible implementations that will be updated as new implementation are certified;

  • Metadata, including version number and date of release

  • Results of all specification committee votes

Creating a Final Specification

A specification document that is marked "Final" cannot be made generally available until after engaging in a successful release review (with corresponding super-majority approval from the specification committee). A release review will have validated that the specification project has:

  1. Produced a final staging release via OSSRH staging repository for the api, javadoc.

    • Javadocs should include the Eclipse Foundation Specification License.

    • Version in pom.xml should be increased by comparing to the previously released API artifact.

    • Existing "@version …​" JavaDoc tags should be updated to match, or removed.

  2. The candidate final EFTL licensed TCK archive should be uploaded to the project directory under http://download.eclipse.org/ee4j, e.g., http://download.eclipse.org/ee4j/bean-validation/beanvalidation-tck-dist-2.0.5.zip .

  3. Generate standalone TCK results or platform TCK result as appropriate for the spec project.

  4. Create a compatibility certification request for the compatible implementation being used to validate the spec in the specification repository issue tracker. If the project does not already have a compatibility-certification-request template, you can use this one: compatibility-certification-request.md

  5. Initiate a Specification review request by creating draft PRs (also assign the draft label) against the Jakarta EE Specification Committee specifications repository. The first PR provides everything requested in the PR template. An optional second PR can be created which would include only the apidocs directory with the javadoc contents.

    As an aid in the final review process, the Specification Review Checklist should be added to the Specification PR.

    • These PRs are intended to provide the items that are required to validate the release, and provide the jakarta.ee website content for the specification. The repo has a PR template that lists the expected content for the PR. It includes:

      • A directory using the specification code as defined in Projects, Specifications, and Documents, e.g., wombat

      • A subdirectory major.minor corresponding to the version of the spec, (e.g., 1.6), that contains:

        • Specification Document from (2) above in both pdf and html formats, e.g., wombat_1.6.pdf and wombat_1.6.html

        • Summary results of TCK run showing at least one compatible implementation

        • Link to final TCK test bundle if the spec defines a TCK. This will be signed and uploaded to the official specification download area when the ballot passes.

        • The URL of the OSSRH staging repository for the api, javadoc artifacts

        • An apidocs directory containing the final JavaDocs from the api build in an optional second PR.

  6. If this updated Specification Version is targeted for the Platform, update the Jakarta EE API jar by submitting a PR to the jakartaee-api project that updates the version number of your API jar file.

  7. If this updated Specification Version is targeted for the Platform, update Eclipse GlassFish to use the new version of your API (and implementation, if applicable) by submitting a PR to GlassFish.

  8. For any release other than a service release, create a release record (if one doesn't already exist) as described in the Eclipse Project Handbook and then:

    • Request approval for the release from the PMC by sending an email to [email protected] referencing the release record.

    • Deliver an IP Log to the IP Team for their review as described in the Eclipse Project Handbook.

    • After the PRs are sufficiently reviewed and approved, contact the EMO to initiate the official release review ballot by sending an email to [email protected]. The final and ballot labels should be added to the PRs (removing the draft label, if it exists).

  9. When the ballot request PRs are approved, the Specification Project releases the staged artifacts to Maven Central. Advice on this can be found in this MavenReleaseScript.

  10. A specification committee member adds a comment on the main PR with the “ballot completion” section of this checklist. Also, the approved label is added to both PRs (leaving the final and ballot labels).

  11. The Specification Version TCK needs to be promoted by a member of the specification committee. Advice on this process can be found in this TCK promotion README.

After the release review has completed successfully, the Specification Version PR needs to be updated with the official ballot results by either the EMO or the specification committee. The ballot update can be performed either on the original PR or a subsequent PR, whichever is most efficient. The specification committee will promote the specification project to jakarta.ee by merging the associated PRs into the Jakarta EE Specifications project repository.

Links: https://github.com/jakartaee/jakarta.ee, https://gohugo.io/documentation/

Review Requirements/Guidelines

The EMO validates:

  • That the review material meets a minimum standard (meaningful description);

  • That the project repository includes the required legal documentation;

  • That the Eclipse Intellectual Property Due Diligence process has been followed.

The PMC validates:

  • That the Eclipse Development Process has been followed;

  • That the project is operating in an open and transparent manner;

  • That the specification document is consistent with established conventions;

  • That the project has no unreasonable barriers for participation;

  • That the submission material is complete.

The Specification Committee validates:

  • That the content presented for review is in scope;

  • That the website documentation adequately and consistently describes the specification(s);

  • That the specification document is consistent with established conventions and meets the necessary quality standards.

  • For a Plan Review, a sufficiently detailed and doable Release Plan has been created. In addition, an Eclipse release record exists that describes the content for the given release. This description could be a reference to an external plan document.

  • For a Progress Review, that sufficient progress has been made on a Compatible Implementation and TCK, to ensure that the spec is implementable and testable.

  • For a Release Review, that a Compatible Implementation is complete, passes the TCK, and that the TCK includes sufficient coverage of the specification. The TCK users guide MUST include the instructions to run the compatible implementations used to validate the release. Instructions MAY be by reference.

Namespaces

Maven

The maven group id, artifact id, and artifact names should follow the rules described in the https://wiki.eclipse.org/JakartaEE_Maven_Versioning_Rules document.

Java Package

All new classes, as well as modifications to javax. classes, are created in the jakarta.{abbreviation}.</emphasis> package.

This also applies to OSGi bundles produced by the project.

Exceptions

Petition the specification committee to request an exception to the namespace rules above.

Coding Conventions

Where feasible, all source content must include a valid copyright and license header. Tools such as the glassfish-copyright-maven-plugin may be useful in ensuring consistency.

Specification Document Conventions (Currently under discussion)

Written in the third person tense

TBD "uses" vs. "includes"

Recommended formats, in order of preference: asciidoc, markdown, text.

The first reference to other specifications must use the official full name. Subsequent references may use a generally accepted abbreviation.

Initial Migration Tasks

The requirements for the initial migration from the legacy Java EE projects and associated naming conventions to the Jakarta conventions is outlined in these documents:

Using these conventions, projects need to:

  • Change the specification name to that given in Project Names and Codes

  • JavaDocs and text documents such as README files need to be updated to use these naming conventions.

  • Replace references to JCP process with references to Eclipse JESP

  • Update references to other specifications to use name in Project Names and Codes

  • Links to JCP JSR pages need to be replaced with a links of the form jakarta.ee/specifications/<code>/<version> where <code> is the specification code from Project Names and Codes, and <version> is the particular specification version.

  • Leave existing "@since XYZ 1.x" uses alone. These refer to the old JCP version. Future additions should use the Jakarta project name.

Specification projects need issue templates and labels to support the TCK challenge process, and the compatibility request process. Creating an issue template is described in this GitHub doc: https://help.github.com/en/articles/creating-issue-templates-for-your-repository. Creating labels is described in this GitHub doc: https://help.github.com/en/articles/creating-a-label.

The current TCK challenge and compatibility request process requires the following issue labels, which should be defined in the issue tracker:

LabelDescription
challengeTCK challenge
acceptedAccepted certification request
challenge-appealAppeal a rejected TCK challenge
appealed-challengeTCK challenge was appealed
certificationCompatibility certification request s
invalidThis doesn't seem right (label already exists)
enhancementNew feature or request (label already exists)

Finally, follow How to Prepare API Projects to Jakarta EE 8 Release to create an initial Jakarta EE 8 release.

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